bmk methyl glycidate

Discussion in 'Off Topic' started by Batecom1102, Feb 14, 2024.

  1. Batecom1102

    Batecom1102 New Member

    Feb 14, 2024
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    [​IMG]The site of polypeptide synthesis is primarily within the cellular structure known as the ribosome. The process of polypeptide synthesis, also referred to as translation, occurs at the ribosome, where the genetic information encoded in mRNA (messenger RNA) is translated into a specific sequence of amino acids to form a polypeptide chain.

    Here are some key points related to the site of polypeptide synthesis:

    1. Ribosomes as the Site of Synthesis: Ribosomes are the cellular organelles responsible for protein synthesis. They are composed of ribosomal RNA (rRNA)

      and protein subunits and exist in both free form in the cytoplasm and bound to the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER).
    • Mechanism of Synthesis: During translation, ribosomes facilitate the assembly of amino acids into polypeptide chains based on the sequence of codons (triplets of nucleotides) present in the mRNA. The ribosome provides the platform for the interaction between mRNA and transfer RNA (tRNA), which carries specific amino acids.
    • Role of tRNA: tRNA molecules bring amino acids to the ribosome, where they are incorporated into the growing polypeptide chain based on the complementary base pairing between the anticodon of tRNA and the codon of mRNA.
    • Formation of Peptide Bonds: Within the ribosome, the formation of peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids occurs, leading to the elongation of the polypeptide chain.
    • Termination of Synthesis: The synthesis of the polypeptide chain continues until a stop codon is reached on the mRNA, at which point the ribosome releases the completed polypeptide.
    The ribosome serves as the central machinery for the synthesis of polypeptides, playing a crucial role in the translation of genetic information into functional proteins within the cell.
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